Read the following passage and mark the letter a,b,c or d on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questionsreading to oneself is a modern activity which was almost unknown to the scholars of the classical and medieval world

     

Reading khổng lồ oneself is a modern activity which was almost unknown to the scholars of the classical & medieval worlds, while during the fifteenth century the term “reading” undoubtedly meant reading aloud. Only during the nineteenth century did silent reading become commonplace.One should be wary, however, of assuming that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud was a distraction to others. Examinations of factors related to the historical development of silent reading have revealed that it became the usual mode of reading for most adults mainly because the tasks themselves changed in character.The last century saw a steady gradual increase in literacy & thus in the number of readers. As the number of readers increased, the number of potential listeners declined and thus there was some reduction in the need to lớn read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so came the flourishing ofreading as a private activity in such public places as libraries, railway carriages và offices, where reading aloud would cause distraction khổng lồ other readers.Towards the end of the century, there was still considerable argument over whether books should be used for information or treated respectfully và over whether the reading of materials such as newspapers was in some way mentally weakening. Indeed, this argument remains with us still in education. However, whatever its virtues, the old shared literacy culture had gone & was replaced by the printed mass media on the one hand & by books and periodicals for a specialised readership on the other.By the kết thúc of the twentieth century, students were being recommended to lớn adopt attitudes lớn books và to use reading skills which were inappropriate, if not impossible, for the oral reader. The social, cultural & technological changes in the century had greatly altered what the term “reading” implied.

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A. few people could read lớn themselves

B. there were few places available for private reading

C. silent reading had not been discovered

D. people relied on reading for entertainment


Đáp án A

few people could read to themselves thông tin ở đầu đoạn 1:”Reading to………….reading aloud”. (Đọc thầm 1 mình là 1 vận động hiện đại mà số đông không hề được biết thêm đến đối với các học giả thời cổ xưa và thời trung cổ,trong khi vào rứa kỷ 15,nói mang đến đọc nghĩa là đọc bự tiếng.)


Câu 0. The word “commonplace” in the first paragraph mostly means “………….”.

A. attracting attention

B. for everybody’s use

C. most preferable

D. widely used


Đáp án D

widely used Định nghĩa của commonplace được sử dung rộng rãi,phổ biến thông dụng


Câu 0. The development of silent reading during the last century indicated ........................………...

A. an increase in the number of books

B. an increase in the average age of readers

C. a change in the status of literate people

D. a change in the nature of reading


Đáp án D

a change in the nature of reading Thông tin ở cả 2 đoạn 2:”examination of factors………….in character”. (Sự khỏa sát những yếu tố tương quan đến sự phát triển có tính lịch sử dân tộc của việc đọc thầm đang trở thành lối gọi thông dụng đối với đa số người lớn vì bạn dạng thân bài toán đọc đã nuốm đổi phiên bản chất.)


A. the decreasing need to lớn read aloud

B. the development of libraries

C. the increase in literacy

D. the decreasing number of listeners


Đáp án C

the increase in literacy tin tức ở đầu đoạn 3:”The lát century saw…………………to read aloud”: (Thế kỷ vừa qua chứng loài kiến 1 sự gia tăng, số fan đọc tiềm năng giảm bớt và vì vậy yêu cầu đọc khủng tiếng cũng bớt đi.)


Câu 0. It can be inferred that the emergence of the mass truyền thông and specialised reading materials was an indication of ……………...

A. a decline of standards of literacy

B. a change in the readers’ interest

C. an improvement of printing techniques

D. an alteration in educationalists’ attitudes


Đáp án A

a decline of standards of literacy tin tức ở cuối đoạn 4:”However,………..on the other”: mặc dù dù ích lợi của vấn đề đọc là gì đi nữa,thì cái nền văn hóa chia sẻ tri thức của ngày xuwacungx đã mất tích và bị thay thế bởi 1 nền báo chí truyền thông và 1 bên là sách vở và các ấn phẩm định kỳ giành riêng cho các độc giả chuyên ngành


A.

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a status for readers specialised in mass media

B. a limited number of readers in a particular area of knowledge

C. a requirement for readers in a particular area of knowledge

D. a reading volume for particular professionals


Đáp án B

a limited number of readers in a particular area of knowledge Số hiểu giả có giới hạn chuyên về 1 ngành loài kiến thức cá biệt


A. takes part in an audition

B. is good at public speaking

C. is interested in spoken language

D. practises reading khổng lồ an audience


Câu 0. All of the following might be the factors that affected the continuation of the old shared literacy culture bEXCEPT …………….

A. the inappropriate reading skills

B. the printed mass media

C. the diversity of reading materials

D. the specialised readership


A. Reading aloud was more common in the past than it is today.

B. The decline of reading aloud was wholly due khổng lồ its distracting effect.

C. The change in reading habits was partly due khổng lồ the social, cultural and technological changes.

D. Not all printed mass truyền thông was appropriate for reading aloud.


Đáp án B

The decline of reading aloud was wholly due lớn its distracting effect.Sự suy giảm bài toán đọc to tiếng la do tác dụng làm phiền tín đồ khác của nó


A. show how reading methods have improved

B. explain how reading habits have developed

C.

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change people’s attitudes lớn reading

D. encourage the growth of reading


Đáp án B

explain how reading habits have developed người sáng tác đã cố phân tích và lý giải thói quen gọi đã biến đổi như ráng nào


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