Đề Cương Ôn Tập Tiếng Anh 8 Học Kì 2

     
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Nội dung text: Đề cương Ôn tập môn tiếng Anh lớp 8 - học kì II

I. The uses of tenses : (cách thực hiện thì) 1. Câu khẳng định: THÌ CÔNG THỨC TRẠNG TỪ 1. Simple Present -I, We, You, They + Vo Always, usually, often, sometimes, -He, She, It + Vs / es seldom, rarely, ( Be -> Am/ Is/ Are ) every (day, week, year, ) 2. Simple Past -S + Ved / 2 Yesterday, ago, in (1990), last (night, week, year, ) 3. Simple Future -I, We + Shall + Vo Tomorrow, next (week, year, ), -S + Will in(2010), 4. Present Continuous -I + Am Now, rightnow, at the moment, -He, She, It + Is + V-ing At present, Look !, Listen ! -We, You, They + Are 5. Past Continuous -I, He, She, It + Was At (10 a.m yesterday), -We, You, They + Were + V- While + th/ gian nghỉ ngơi quá khứ 6. Present Perfect -I, We, You, They + Have ing Since, for(+th/ gian), just, yet, -He, She, It + Has + already, ever, never, recently, Ved/3 7. Past Perfect Before, by the time , -S + Had + Ved/ 3 After, 2. Câu phủ định và câu nghi vấn: THÌ CÂU PHỦ ĐỊNH CÂU NGHI VẤN 1. Simple Present S + vì chưng + Not + Vo vày + S + Vo ? + Does Does (V:động từ bỏ thường) 2. Simple Past S + Did + Not + Vo Did + S + Vo ? (V:động từ bỏ thường) 3. Simple Future S + Will + Not + Vo Will + S + Vo ? Shall Shall 4. Present Cont. S + Am + Not + V-ing Am + S + V-ing ? Is/ Are Is/ Are 5. Past Cont. S + Was + Not + V-ing Was + S + V-ing ? Were Were 6. Present Perfect S + Have + Not + Ved/ 3 Have + S + Ved/ 3 ? Has Has 7. Past Perfect S + Had + Not + Ved/ 3 Had + S + Ved/ 3 ? Thì hiện tại đơn : +Ves khi động từ tận cùng là S, Sh, Ch, X, O, Z Ex: He watches T.V every night. II. Passive Voice: (Thể bị động) 1. General Formation :(Công thức tổng quát) Active: S + V + O ( Ved/ 3 = Past participle ) Passive: S + BE + Ved/ 3 + ( Be: chia cùng thì với cồn từ bao gồm V By O của câu chủ động ) 2. Bí quyết thể bị động của những thì: thương hiệu thì Passive voice 1. Hiện tại đơn S + Am/ Is/ Are + Ved/ 3 + By O 12. Thừa khứ đối kháng S + Was/ Were + Ved/ 3 + By O 3. Modals S + Will + Be + Ved/ 3 + By O ( will/ shall/ can/ may/ must/ Shall would/ should/ could/ might ) Can 4. Hiện nay tại kết thúc S + Has/ Have + Been + Ved/ 3 + By O V. Prepositions: (giới từ) ( at, in, on, of,for, about, by, up, with, without, ) Time (Thời gian) 1. At + giờ đồng hồ Ex: at 9 o’clock 2. In + năm Ex: in 1985 + tháng in May + mùa in Summer 3. On + vật dụng trong tuần. Ex: on Monday + tháng, ngày. On September 5th + tháng, ngày, năm. On April 30th, 1975. 4. Since + thời điểm. Ex: since 1990 ( thì lúc này hoàn thành) For + khoảng chừng thời gian. For 2 years 5. From . . . Lớn . . . Ex: from 1995 to 2000 ( từ . . . Mang lại . . .) Place (Nơi chốn): 1. At + chỗ nhỏ, khiêm tốn Ex: at home, at school. 2. In + nơi rộng lớn in hcm city, in England, in the world. 3. -In the middle of (ở giữa) - In front of (ở trước ) -In the centre of (ở trung tâm) - On the đứng top of ( nghỉ ngơi trên đỉnh) Manner (thể cách): 1. By + phương tiện đi lại đi lại. Ex: by oto ( plane, train, ship . . .) 2 By + O ( bởi, passive voice) Ex: America was discovered by Columbus. 3.-On foot ( đi bộ) Direction – Motion ( Phương hướng- gửi động): 1. In the North ( South, East, West) : sống phía Bắc ( Nam, Đông, Tây ) 2. On the left ( right ) : ở phía trái ( phải) 3. -From ( từ) - to lớn ( cho ) -Into ( vào trong) Some expressions: -to take part ( in) : gia nhập vào - khổng lồ be interested ( in) : thích, ân cần - to kiểm tra ( in) : đăng ký - to be fond ( of) : phù hợp - lớn be proud ( of) : từ hào về - to lớn remind ( of) : gợi lưu giữ về - to lớn even ( up) : san bởi ( tỉ số) - to lớn talk ( about) sth : nói tới - lớn tell ( about ) sth : đề cập về - to look ( at) : nhìn. Ngắm - khổng lồ look ( for) : tìm, kiếm - to look ( after) : âu yếm - khổng lồ be good ( at) : xuất sắc về - to be bad ( at) : dở về - to be afraid ( of) : sợ, lo lắng VI. Gerund – Infinitive: ( cồn từ thêm –ING và động từ nguyên chủng loại ) Qui tắc chung: thông thường hai động từ bí quyết nhau vị “ TO”. Ex: She wants khổng lồ see her friend. 2- Advise - Ask - Request + O + to lớn V - Tell - Beg Ex: My mother advises me lớn get up early. Một trong những ngoại lệ: 1. đông đảo động tự được theo sau vày “gerund”: - Keep - Enjoy - Finish + V-ING - Prefer - Practice - Mind Ex: The children kept talking about the acrobats. 2. Rất nhiều động theo sau do “gerund” hoặc “ lớn infinitive”: - lượt thích - Love V-ING - Hate + - Begin lớn V - Start Ex: bởi you lượt thích reading novels ? khổng lồ read 3. Giới từ ( in, at, on,of, ) + V-ING Ex: English people are fond of watching football. 4. Thể truyền khiến cho ( causative form): - Have + S.O + V ( active) - Have + S.T + Ved/ 3 ( passive) - Make + O + V Ex:- I have my brother repair my bicycle. - They had their suitcases taken upstairs khổng lồ their rooms. - The clown made us laugh a lot. 5. Used to với be used to: - Used lớn + V : đã thường (ở thừa khứ và không hề nữa) - Be used to + V-ING: quen với. Ex: - Mr Brown used to take his children to lớn the zoo. - My mother is used lớn getting up early. MỘT SỐ ĐỘNG TỪ BẤT QUI TẮC THÔNG DỤNG Stt Vo V2 V3 Nghĩa Việt ( Nguyên chủng loại ) ( thừa khứ ) (Quá khứ phân từ) 1. Be Was / Were Been Thì, là, nghỉ ngơi 2. Become Became Become Trở buộc phải 3. Begin Began Begun bắt đầu 4. Blow Blew Blown Thổi 5. Break Broke Broken Đập, phá vở 6. Bring Brought Brought đem về 7. Build Built Built xây cất 8. Buy Bought Bought thiết lập 9. Catch Caught Caught Bắt kịp, xua theo 10. Choose Chose Chosen lựa chọn 11. Come Came Come Đến 312. Cut Cut Cut Cắt, chặt 13. Do Did Done có tác dụng 14. Draw Drew Drawn Vẽ tranh 15. Drink Drank Drunk Uống (rượu) 16. Drive Drove Driven tài xế 17. Eat Ate Eaten Ăn 18. Fall Fell Fallen Té, ngã, rơi 19. Feel Felt Felt cảm thấy 20. Find Found Found kiếm tìm thấy 21. Fly Flew Flown cất cánh 22. Forget Forgot Forgotten Quên 23. Get Got Got / Gotten dành được 24. Give Gave Given đến 25. Go Went Gone Đi 26. Grow Grew Grown Trồng, mọc 27. Have Had Had Có, cần sử dụng cơm 28. Hear Heard Heard Nghe 29. Hold Held Held Cầm, nắm, tổ chức 30. Keep Kept Kept duy trì 31. Know Knew Known Biết 32. Learn Learnt/ learned Learnt/ learned học tập 33. Leave Left Left tránh khỏi, giữ lại 34. Make Made Made Chế tạo, làm 35. Meet Met Met gặp gỡ mặt 36. Pay Paid Paid Trả (tiền) 37. Put Put Put Đặt nhằm 38. Read Read Read Đọc 39. Ring Rang Rung Reo chuông 40. Run Ran Run Chạy 41. Say Said Said Nói 42. See Saw Seen Thấy, coi 43. Sell Sold Sold chào bán 44. Send Sent Sent nhờ cất hộ 45. Sing lịch sự Sung Ca hát 46. Sit Sat Sat Ngồi 47. Sleep Slept Slept Ngủ 48. Speak Spoke Spoken Nói 49. Spend Spent Spent Trãi qua, chi tiêu 50. Stand Stood Stood Đứng 51. Steal Stole Stolen Aên cắp 52. Take Took Taken Cầm, lấy, dẫn đi 53. Teach Taught Taught dạy học 54. Tell Told Told Kể, bảo 55.

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Xem thêm: 12 Cung Hoàng Đạo Tháng Sinh 2021, 12 Cung Hoàng Đạo Tháng Sinh # 67

Think Thought Thought để ý đến 56. Understand Understood Understood gọi 57. Win Won Won thành công 58. Write Wrote Written Viết 4EXERCISE I. Put the verbs in the correct forms ( tenses): 1. Mr Alan ( work ) ___ for that company since 1990. 2. She ( not take ) ___ music lessons last Sunday. 3. The thief ( go ) ___ away before the police came. 4. I ( receive ) ___ your letter about two weeks ago. 5. My mother always ( get ) ___ up early. 6. When we came, they ( build ) ___ a new library. 7. What you ( do) ___ now ? 8. If you go to lớn the party, I ( come) ___ with you. 10. Most children enjoy ( read ) ___ picture- books. II. Turn these sentences into Passive Voice: 1. She can speak English. ___ 2. Taxis and buses will take tourists around the city. ___ 3. Did he translate this novel into Vietnamese last year ? ___ 4. He hasn’t finished his homework yet. ___ 5. Mr Brown doesn’t take his children lớn the circus today. ___ 6. When did Columbus discover America ? ___ 7. Someone has just carried the Olympic torch khổng lồ the stadium. ___ 8. The interviewer will ask you a lot of questions. ___ 9. They cut grass near the gate yesterday. ___ 10. I meet John at the bus-stop every morning. ___ III. Fill in each blank with a suitable preposition: 1. English people are fond ___ football. 2. Are you interested ___ picture- books ? 3. She often stays ___ trang chủ ___ Sundays. 4. Don’t tell your sister ___ that news. 5. The pupils often go ___ school ___ bicycles. 6. The first May Day meeting was held ___ 1890. 7. Are you afraid ___ swimming in the sea ? 8. My brother is good ___ English. 9. My uncle lives ___ Ho bỏ ra minh city. 10. The boy was born ___ a very rich family. IV. Finish the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first one : 1. Mary hasn’t returned my book yet. My book 2. The principle doesn’t write this letter. This letter 3. Mary is making a birthday cake in the kitchen. A birthday cake V. Read the following passage and then answer the question below : Nowadays every high-school in Ho bỏ ra Minh thành phố has its own library. Nam’s school library is not as big as other public libraries but it is well-equipped with a variety of books. On open shelves we can find such kinds of books as fiction, non-fiction, textbooks, newspapers & magazines. On Saturday mornings và during the break Nam and his friends often go khổng lồ the library khổng lồ read books and newspapers. Miss Lan, the librarian, is always at her desk to lớn show them how to use the library cards when they want khổng lồ borrow some reference books from the library. The school library helps Nam và his friends a lot in their study. * Questions: 1. Is Nam’s school library smaller or bigger than other public libraries ? ___ 2. When vày Nam & his friends often go to the library ? 5___ 3. Is the school library helpful ? ___ PUT THE VERBS IN THE CORRECT TENSES 1. The weather ( be ) . Very bad yesterday. 2. My mother always ( get ) up early. 3. Tom ( see ) his classmates at the các buổi tiệc nhỏ tomorrow. 4. He ( give ) me the letter a few minutes ago. 5. They ( make ) a lot of furniture next month. 6. Peter and Alice ( learn ) French for two years. 7. You ( finish ) your homework yet. 8. Please don’t say anything while I ( learn ) my lesson. 9. Tomorrow I ( put ) our presents on that table. 10. My friend ( ever see ) that sight. 11. My uncle ( live ) in tp hcm city since last year. 12. He always ( stay ) in bed late on Sunday morning. 13. Peter and Daisy ( be ) born in 1978. 14. My sister always ( wash ) her hands before meals. 15. Look! The dog ( run ) after him. 16. Smith & Bobby ( read ) books at this moment. 17. Tom ( repair ) his bicycle last Friday. 18. Mary and I ( not watch ) TV last night. 19. I ( just buy ) a new shirt. 20. My brother came in while Tom & I ( play ) chess. 21. Mr. Pike ( work ) in this factory for ten years. 22. Vietnam, vương quốc của những nụ cười and Malaysia ( be ) tropical countries. 23. Sài gòn city ( be ) the largest đô thị in Vietnam. 24. Where you ( go ) last night ? - I ( go ) to the cinema. 25. What you ( do ) every morning ? 26. You ever (be ) khổng lồ Russia ? 27. We ( not meet ) him two days ago. 28. Uncle Ho ( die ) in 1969. 29. Mr Johnson ( stay ) in London now. 30. How she ( go ) khổng lồ school every day ? - She ( go ) to lớn school by bicycle. 6