Bài Tập Thì Quá Khứ Tiếp Diễn Và Quá Khứ Đơn

     

Hai thì thừa khứ 1-1 và vượt khứ tiếp diễn rất dễ khiến cho bạn học nhầm lẫn. Trong bài viết hôm nay, giangdien.com.vn đã giúp chúng ta phân biệt nhị thì này. Ngoài ra ở phần cuối còn tồn tại thêm bài bác tập thừa khứ solo và quá khứ tiếp diễn để các bạn tự luyện nhằm mục đích ghi nhớ kỹ năng lâu hơn. Chúng ta theo dõi nhé.

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Phân biệt thì quá khứ solo và quá khứ tiếp diễn

ThìQuá khứ đơnQuá khứ tiếp diễn
Cấu trúc(+) S + was/ were + O (động trường đoản cú tobe)S + V-ed/ VQK (bất quy tắc) + O (động từ thường)(-) S + was/were not + Object/Adj (động từ bỏ tobe)S + did not (didn’t) + V (nguyên thể) (động trường đoản cú thường)(?) Was/Were+ S + Object/Adj? (động tự tobe)Did + S + V(nguyên thể)? (động từ thường)(+) S + was/were + V-ing.(-) S + was/were + not + V-ing(?) Was / Were + S + V-ing?
Cách dùngDiễn tả một hành động đã xẩy ra tại một thời điểm cố định và thắt chặt trong quá khứ.Ví dụ: He didn’t play football last Sunday. (Anh ấy đã không chơi soccer vào chủ nhật tuần trước.)Diễn tả chuỗi hành vi xảy ra trong quá khứ.Ví dụ: This morning, I got up, had breakfast, went to school,…Diễn tả hành vi đang diễn ra tại 1 thời điểm cố định trong quá khứ.Ví dụ: At 9 Am yesterday, I was playing football with my friends.Diễn tả hai hành động hoặc nhiều hơn đang diễn ra tại thời điểm nói trong vượt khứ.Ví dụ: I was reading book while my mom was cooking at 3pm last Sunday.Diễn tả hành động đang diễn ra thì một hành vi khác xen vào. Hành vi làm gián đoạn chia thì vượt khứ đơn. Hành động đang diễn ra chia vượt khứ tiếp diễn.Ví dụ: She was listening to music when the phone rang.
Dấu hiệu nhấn biếtago, yesterday, last month/ year/ week, in 2019, then, when,…while, when, all day/ night/ morning, the whole day while, while, at that time, at + giờ vượt khứ,…

Bài tập áp dụng phân biệt thì thừa khứ đối kháng và thừa khứ tiếp diễn

Bài tập 1: chọn đúng thì của những câu sau (quá khứ 1-1 và thừa khứ tiếp diễn)

1. Alice saw/ was seeing the accident when she was catching the bus.

2. What were you doing/ did you vị when I called?

3. I didn’t visit/ weren’t visiting my friends last summer holiday.

4. It rained/ was raining heavily last July.

5. While people were talking khổng lồ each other, he read/ was reading his book.

6. My sister was eating/ ate hamburgers every weekend last month.

7. While we were running/ ran in the park, Mary fell over.

8. Did you find/ Were you finding your keys yesterday?

9. Who was she dancing/ did she dance with at the tiệc ngọt last night?



10. They were watching/ watched football on TV at 7 p.m. Yesterday.

Bài tập 2: Sửa lỗi sai trong các câu sau (quá khứ đối kháng và vượt khứ tiếp diễn)

1. I was play football when she called me.

2. Was you study Math at 5 p.m. Yesterday?

3. What was she vày while her mother was making lunch?

4. Where did you went last Sunday?

5. They weren’t sleep during the meeting last Monday.

6. He got up early và have breakfast with his family yesterday morning.

7. She didn’t broke the flower vase. Tom did.

8. Last week my friend and I go khổng lồ the beach on the bus.

9. While I am listening to music, I heard the doorbell.

10. Peter turn on the TV, but there was nothing interesting.

Bài tập 3: dứt các câu sau áp dụng thì thừa khứ 1-1 và quá khứ tiếp diễn

1. Where/ you/ go?

2. Who/ you/ go with?

3. How/ you/ get/ there?

4. What/ you/ do/ during the day?

5. You/ have/ a/ good/ time?

6. What/ your parents/ do/ while/ you/ go/ on holiday?

Bài tập 4: phân tách đúng các động trường đoản cú sau ở thì thừa khứ đối chọi và vượt khứ tiếp diễn

On my last holiday, I went to lớn Hawaii. When I (go) (1) …………to the beach for the first time, something wonderful happened. I (swim) (2) …………in the sea while my mother was sleeping in the sun. My brother was building a sand castle and my father (drink) (3) …………. Some water. Suddenly, I (see) (4) …………a boy on the beach. His eyes were blue lượt thích the water in the sea và his hair (be) (5) …………beautiful black. He was very tall and thin and his face was brown. My heart (beat) (6) …………fast. I (ask) (7) …………him for his name with a shy voice. He (tell) (8) …………me that his name was John. He (stay) (9) …………with me the whole afternoon. In the evening, we met again. We ate pizza in a restaurant. The following days we (have) (10) …………a lot of fun together. At the end of my holiday when I left Hawaii I said goodbye lớn John. We had tears in our eyes. He wrote me a letter very soon & I answered him.

Bài tập 5: ngừng câu sử dụng thì thừa khứ solo hoặc quá khứ tiếp diễn

1. Peter ___________ (play) a video clip game when his brother, Jack, ___________ (enter) the room.

2. I ___________ (study) for my English thử nghiệm when my mother ___________ (come) trang chủ from work.

3. Emma ___________ (wash) the dishes when the telephone ___________ (ring).

4. I ___________ (ate) a sandwich while my parents ___________ (drink) coffee.

5. I ___________ (watch) a DVD when my cat ___________ (jump) on me.

Bài tập 6: lựa chọn câu vấn đáp đúng

1. The Smiths aren’t painting/ weren’t painting their house last weekend

2. Tom cleaned/ was cleaning the living room when Jane arrived

3. Did/ Were the students writing an essay in class this morning?

4. Frank was fixing/ fixed his oto when his điện thoại rang

5. Mark didn’t wear/ wasn’t wearing a coat when it started to rain.

6. He is/ was driving to work this morning when Anna called.

7. While my parents were working/ was working, I was studying at home

8. I walked/ was walking home when I tripped/ was tripping & fell

9. At 8 o’clock last night, we were having/ had dinner at a Chinese restaurant

Bài tập 7: Đọc lá thư bên dưới và điền từ còn thiếu vào khu vực trống. Từng ô trống chỉ điền một từ

Dear Georgia,

I’m writing khổng lồ you from my hotel room (1) ______ New York. You can’t imagine what happened lớn me yesterday! I was walking in Mitte at around noon (2) _______ it started raining. (3) ______ I was running back to the hotel, I saw a famous actor who was eating in a restaurant. I went in & (4) ______ hello & he gave me two tickets to see his new film. Isn’t that great?

That’s all for now. See you (5) ______ I get back!

Love,

Rachel

Bài tập 8: Điền từ gợi nhắc vào nơi trống, sử dụng thì thừa khứ 1-1 hoặc vượt khứ tiếp diễn

1. A: How (1) _______________ (Anne/ break) her leg?

B: She (2) ______________ (ride) her horse when she (3) _______________ (fall) and (4) __________ (land) on her leg.

A: (5) ________________ (she/go) khổng lồ hospital?

2. A: When (1) ___________ (you/see) Peter?

B: While I (2) ___________ (do) my shopping at the supermarket

3. A: I (1) __________ (call) you last night but you (2) _____________ (not/ answer). Where were you?

B: I (3) __________________ (jog) in the park

Bài tập 9: Điền vào nơi trống hiệ tượng đúng của đụng từ

1. Susan ___________ (study) in her room when she heard the noise.

2. What ____________ (they, do) at eleven p.m. Last night – it was so noisy?

3. I was eight years old when my elder sister __________ (teach) me how khổng lồ ride a bike.

4. John ______________ (not go) lớn school last week because he was ill.

5. I didn’t know anything about the plane crash in my neighborhood because I ________ (work) inside at that time.

Bài tập 10: Chia vẻ ngoài đúng của hễ từ

One afternoon, a big wolf (wait) ____________ in a dark forest for a little girl lớn come along carrying a basket of food khổng lồ her grandmother. Finally a little girl did come along và she (carry) ____________ a basket of food. ‘Are you carrying that basket lớn your grandmother?’ asked the wolf. The little girl said yes, she (be)____________. So the wolf (ask) ____________her where her grandmother lived và the little girl (tell)____________ him & he (disappear)____________ into the wood. When the little girl (open) ____________ the door of her grandmother’s house, she (see)____________ that there was somebody in bed with a nightcap and nightgown on. She (approach)____________ no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she (see)____________ that it was not her grandmother but the wolf , for even in a nightcap a wolf does not look like anybody’s grandmother. So the little girl (take) ____________ an automatic pistol out of her basket và (shoot) ____________the wolf dead.

Bài tập 11: xong email bên dưới sử dụng thì thừa khứ 1-1 hoặc quá khứ trả thành. Hãy lưu ý đến từ thay thế sửa chữa cho các động từ vào ngoặc nếu có thể

I (1. Buy) ____________ a new alarm clock the other day in Taylor’s the jewellers, when I actually (2. See) ____________ somebody shoplifting. I’d finished paying for my clock và as I (3. Turn) ____________ round, an elderly woman (4. Slowly put) ____________ a silver plate into a bag that she (5. Carry) ____________. Then she (6. Walk) ____________ over khổng lồ another part of the cửa hàng and (7. Pick up) ____________ an expensive-looking watch a number of times. When she (8. Think) ____________ that nobody (9. Look) ____________, she (10. Drop) ____________ it into the bag. Before I (11. Have) ____________ a chance khổng lồ tell the staff in the shop, she (12. Notice) ____________ that I (13. Watch) ____________ her & (14. Hurry)____________ out. Unfortunately for her, two police officers (15. Walk) ____________ past just at that moment and she (16. Run) ____________ straight into them.

Bài tập 12: sử dụng những cặp động từ trong bảng điền vào chỗ trống. Sử dụng thì vượt khứ solo hoặc quá khứ tiếp diễn

come – showget – gohope – givelive – spend
look – seeplay – breakstart – check in

1. Just as I …………. Into the bath all the lights ………… off.

2. I……………………..to go away this weekend, but my boss…………………..me some work that I have to lớn finish by Monday.

3. When I………………………..in Paris, I……………………three hours a day travelling to & from work.

4. A friendly American couple…………………..chatting to him as he…………………at the hotel reception.

5. I bumped into Lena last week. She……………………….a lot better than when I last…………………..her.

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6. My boss…………………………..into the office just as I…………………………everyone my holiday photos.

7. I…………….badminton four times a week before I……………………..my ankle.

Bài tập 13: lựa chọn when/while để điền vào chỗ trống

1. I had a bad dream _____________ I was sleeping on the sofa

2. I was talking to lớn my husband in the park _____________ two cars crashed behind us.

3. You called me last night _____________ I was studying for an important exam.

4. The students were doing an exercise _____________ the bell rang.

5. Anna was doing her homework _____________ the lights went out.

Đáp án phần bài tập thì vượt khứ solo và quá khứ tiếp diễn

Bài 1:

1. Saw

2. Were you doing

3. Didn’t visit

4. Rained

5. Was reading

6. Ate

7. Were running

8. Did you find

9. Did she dance

10. Were watching

Bài 2:

1. I was playing football when she called me.

2. Was you studying Math at 5 p.m. Yesterday?

3. What was she doing while her mother was making lunch?

4. Where did you go last Sunday?

5. They weren’t sleeping during the meeting last Monday.

6. He got up early & had breakfast with his family yesterday morning.

7. She didn’t break the flower vase. Tom did.

8. Last week my friend và I went khổng lồ the beach on the bus.

9. While I was listening to lớn music, I heard the doorbell.

10. Peter turned on the TV, but there was nothing interesting.

Bài 3:

1. Where did you go?

2. Who did you go with?

3. How did you get there?

4. What were you doing during the day

5. Did you have a good time?

6. What were your parents doing while you were going on holiday?

Bài 4:

On my last holiday, I went to Hawaii. When I went to the beach for the first time, something wonderful happened. I was swimming in the sea while my mother was sleeping in the sun. My brother was building a sand castle and my father was drinking some water. Suddenly, I saw a boy on the beach. His eyes were blue lượt thích the water in the sea & his hair was beautiful black. He was very tall and thin và his face was brown. My heart was beating fast. I asked him for his name with a shy voice. He told me that his name was John. He stayed with me the whole afternoon. In the evening, we met again. We ate pizza in a restaurant. The following days we had a lot of fun together. At the end of my holiday when I left Hawaii I said goodbye to John. We had tears in our eyes. He wrote me a letter very soon và I answered him.

Bài 5:

1.Peter ____was playing_______ (play) a đoạn clip game when his brother, Jack, ____entered_______ (enter) the room.

2.I _______was studying____ (study) for my English kiểm tra when my mother _____came______ (come) trang chủ from work.

3.Emma ____was washing_______ (wash) the dishes when the telephone ___rang________ (ring).

4.I ___was eating________ (eat) a sandwich while my parents __were drinking____ (drink) coffee.

5.I ___was watching________ (watch) a DVD when my mèo _____jumped______ (jump) on me.

Bài 6:

1. The Smiths weren’t painting their house last weekend

2. Tom was cleaning the living room when Jane arrived

3. Were the students writing an essay in class this morning?

4. Frank was fixing his car when his sản phẩm điện thoại rang

5. Mark didn’t wear a coat when it started to lớn rain.

6. He was driving to work this morning when Anna called.

7. While my parents were working, I was studying at home

8. I was walking home when I tripped and fell

9. At 8 o’clock last night, we were having at a Chinese restaurant

Bài 7:

1. In

2. When

3. As

4. Said

5. When

Bài 8:

1.A: How (1) _______did Anne break________ (Anne/ break) her leg?

B: She (2) ______was riding________ (ride) her horse when she (3) _____fell__________ (fall) và (4) __landed________ (land) on her leg.

A: (5) ____Did she go____________ (she/go) khổng lồ hospital?

2.A: When (1) ___did you see________ (you/see) Peter?

B: While I (2) ___was doing________ (do) my shopping at the supermarket

3.A: I (1) ____called______ (call) you last night but you (2) ___didn’t answer_______ (not/ answer). Where were you?

B: I (3) ____was jogging______________ (jog) in the park.

Bài 9:

1. Susan ____was studying_______ (study) in her room when she heard the noise.

2. What _____were they doing_______ (they, do) at eleven p.m. Last night – it was so noisy?

3. I was eight years old when my elder sister _____taught_____ (teach) me how lớn ride a bike.

4. John _______did not go_______ (not go) to lớn school last week because he was ill.

5. I didn’t know anything about the plane crash in my neighborhood because I ____was working____ (work) inside at that time.

Bài 10:

One afternoon, a big wolf (wait) ____was waiting________ in a dark forest for a little girl to lớn come along carrying a basket of food lớn her grandmother. Finally a little girl did come along & she (carry) ____was carrying________ a basket of food. ‘Are you carrying that basket lớn your grandmother?’ asked the wolf. The little girl said yes, she (be)_____was_______. So the wolf (ask) _____asked_______her where her grandmother lived and the little girl (tell)____told________ him & he (disappear)_____disappeared_______ into the wood.

When the little girl (open) ______opened______ the door of her grandmother’s house, she (see)____saw________ that there was somebody in bed with a nightcap và nightgown on. She (approach)_____had approached_______ no nearer than twenty-five feet from the bed when she (see)____saw________ that it was not her grandmother but the wolf , for even in a nightcap a wolf does not look lượt thích anybody’s grandmother. So the little girl (take) ______took______ an automatic pistol out of her basket & (shoot) _____shot_______the wolf dead.

Bài 11:

I (1. Buy) ____was buying________ a new alarm clock the other day in Taylor’s the jewellers, when I actually (2. See) _____saw_______ somebody shoplifting. I’d finished paying for my clock and as I (3. Turn) _____turned/ was turning_______ round, an elderly woman (4. Slowly put) ______was slowly putting/ out______ a silver plate into a bag that she (5. Carry) _____was carrying_______. Then she (6. Walk) _____walked_______ over khổng lồ another part of the shop and (7. Pick up) ____picked up________ an expensive-looking watch a number of times. When she (8. Think) ____thought________ that nobody (9. Look) _____was looking_______, she (10. Drop) _____dropped_______ it into the bag. Before I (11. Have) _____had_______ a chance khổng lồ tell the staff in the shop, she (12. Notice) _______noticed_____ that I (13. Watch) _____was watching_______ her & (14. Hurry)_____hurried_______ out. Unfortunately for her, two police officers (15. Walk) ___were walking/ walked_________ past just at that moment & she (16. Run) ______ran______ straight into them.

Bài 12:

1. Was getting – went off

2. Was hoping – gave

3. Lived- was spending/ was living- spent

4. Started- was checking in

5. Was looking- saw

6. Came- was showing

7. Was playing-broke

Bài 13:

1. I had a bad dream _____while________ I was sleeping on the sofa

2. I was talking to my husband in the park ______when_______ two cars crashed behind us.

3. You called me last night _____while________ I was studying for an important exam.

4. The students were doing an exercise ____when_________ the bell rang.

5. Anna was doing her homework ______when_______ the lights went out.

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